Use of family planning methods in Ludhiana district: Survey: The Tribune India


Nitin Jain

Tribune press service

Ludhiana, December 18

The use of family planning methods has declined in the district over the past five years, a national survey found.

The National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5), conducted by the Union Department of Health and Family Welfare through the International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS) , a copy of which is with The Tribune, showed that current use of any family planning program by married women in the 15-49 age group increased from 72.8% in 2015-16 to 69 , 8% in 2020-2021. The trend was in line with the state average, which also fell from 75.8% in 2015-16 to 66.6% in 2020-2021, of which 68.4% in urban areas and 65.4% in rural areas.

The various family planning methods currently used by married women in the district included 50.5 percent modern methods, 1.8 percent IUD / DPP, 0.5 percent pill, and 26.6 percent condom. . This was down from 61.7 percent using modern methods, 7.2 percent using IUD / DPPU, and 1.8 percent using the pill in 2015-16. However, condom use increased from 18% in 2015-16 to 26.6% in 2020-2021.

The study, which also reports estimates of indicators of sexual behavior, knowledge, attitude and behavior regarding HIV / AIDS, showed that female sterilization in the district increased from 34.2% in 2015. -16 to 21.2% in 2020-2021, which in line with the state trend going from 37.5% in 2015-16 to 22.8% in 2020-2021, including 25.6% in the rural and 18% in urban areas. Likewise, male sterilization in Ludhiana has halved, from 0.6% in 2015-16 to 0.3% in 2020-2021. This figure was, however, lower than the state average, which fell from 0.6% in 2015-16 to 0.5% in 2020-2021, which included 0.5% in urban areas and 0.4%. in rural areas.

The NFHS-5, whose data will help identify the need for new programs focused on a specific area and identify groups most in need of essential services, found that the unmet family planning needs of married women in the district from 5% in 2015-16 to 8.3% in 2020-2021. This was again less than the state average which fell from 6.2% in 2015-16 to 9.9% in 2020-2021, which included 10.5% in rural areas and 8.8 % in urban areas.

Likewise, the unmet need for spacing in the district has almost doubled from 2.1% in 2015-16 to 3.8% in 2020-2021. This figure was higher than the state average, which fell from 2.4% in 2015-16 to 3.7% in 2015-16, which included 3.9% in rural areas and 3.3% in urban areas.

The fifth edition of the survey, which gathered information from 799 households, 817 women and 134 men in the district, also indicated that the average of health workers never speaking to non-family planning users increased from 18.7% in 2015- 16 to 25.1 percent in 2020-2021. This was less than the state average which fell from 29.4% in 2015-16 to 21.7% in 2020-2021, of which 22.2% in urban areas and 21.3% in urban areas. rural.

Likewise, the percentage of current users never informed about side effects of current family planning methods in the district increased from 60.9 in 2015-16 to 88.9 in 2020-21. This was more than the state average which rose from 79.2% in 2015-2016 to 78.2% in 2020-2021, of which 78.9% in urban areas and 77.9% in urban areas. rural.

Survey results

  • Use of any family planning method: 69.8%
  • Female sterilization: 21.2%
  • Male sterilization: 0.3%
  • Condom: 26.6%
  • Pill: 0.5%


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