Advantages and disadvantages of an extended family system
Advantages and disadvantages of an extended family system: A family is basically made up of nuclear and extended family, nuclear family also known as elementary family consists only of father, mother and children while extended family is a family that extends to the beyond nuclear family and consists of both nuclear family and relatives such as uncles, aunts, cousins and grandparents and other persons related by blood or non-consanguineous relatives such as step-parents, step-brothers and adopted children.
An extended family system is an extended family system, and in this article we will look at the features, advantages, and disadvantages of an extended family system.
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What is an extended family system?
An extended family system is a complex family structure that consists of two or more adults related by marriage or blood living together in the same home and working toward a common goal like raising children and doing household chores. An extended family includes grandparents, uncles, aunts, cousins, nieces, nephews and other relatives living together and contributing to each other’s livelihood.
A modified extended family system now includes family members and relatives living apart from each other but still contributing regularly to each other’s sustenance through their financial contributions, material gifts or otherwise, but traditionally a system of Extended family includes only family members and relatives living together and fulfilling the same function to ensure family functionality.
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An extended family system is common in Asia, Southern Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle Belt and is generally practiced because it is more economical, mutually beneficial, and provides greater family security. An extended family system has the following characteristics:
a. In an extended family system, there are many adults in the family who are not the parents of the children
b. In an extended family system, these adults often play a parenting role and help support the family financially or otherwise.
vs. In an extended family system, there is an increased sharing of cultural and intergenerational family values.
D. An extended family system provides stability for children, especially when their parents are separated
e. In an extended family system, there is usually better support for the upbringing and training of children.
See also: Roles played by children in the family
Advantages (merits) of an extended family system
Here are the benefits of an extended family system:
1. It’s economical: An extended family system is economical because it saves resources and promotes the pooling of resources, thus reducing a person’s financial burden, as all adults in the family contribute in some way. another to the family’s livelihood.
2. It promotes unity: When people live together and share a good relationship with each other, there is usually peace and unity and this is fundamentally the case in an extended family system as opposed to a system where families live apart each other, a misunderstanding usually sets in and this results in the normal fights between parents common in many countries of the world today.
3. Building Family Bonds: An extended family system not only promotes peace and unity in the family, but it also builds a strong family bond between each family member.
By living together, cooperating with each other, communicating effectively with each other, helping each other, working towards a common goal and maintaining good relationships, the bond between family members naturally grows closer.
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4. Instills values: This extended family system inculcates family values, culture and traditions in children and each family member and results in good upbringing of children with values, morals and a sense of responsibility.
5. Promotes Child Care Support: A major advantage of an extended family system is that a child is not raised by just one person, each adult in the family contributes in some way to the raising of the child and this produces a more redefined child.
In addition to raising a child, an extended family system provides childcare support by taking on some of the workload from a child’s parents, helping children with homework, teaching them precious things and collectively meeting some of their needs. Thus, providing much-needed support to parents in the education of their children.
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6. Promotes cooperation: It is important to note that an extended family system engenders cooperation as each family member shares responsibilities both in performing household chores to meet financial needs and in working together towards a common goal. All of this breeds much-needed cooperation among family members.
7. Promotes socialization: Socialization is the ability to interact with other people and maintain good social relationships, and being raised in an extended family will help you know how to interact well with the people you meet, because in an extended family system, you will be raised in a larger family system with many people, characters, and visitors, and will not be strictly confined by your parents to the confines of your home.
Thus, you will meet more people and know how to socialize with people.
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8. It curbs loneliness: With the presence of many people and characters around you, you may never feel alone in an extended family system unlike a nuclear family where there can only be 3-5 people in the house and most of the only 1 or 2 time or even just you if you are the only child. In this situation, more often than not, you will feel really alone, but this cannot be the case in an extended family system.
9. It reinforces understanding: By living together, doing things together, and constantly interacting with each other, an extended family system builds great understanding between each family member; it also engenders cooperation, a feeling of unity, sharing and mutual attention.
Just as these advantages are numerous, the extended family system also has certain disadvantages. Let me consider these disadvantages.
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Disadvantages (demerits) of an extended family system
1. No independence: An extended family system often limits the desired level of independence an adult should display as each family member depends on the efforts of the other to survive, in fact in an extended family no one is on their own journey, you will also have to walk with other family members, share resources fairly and cooperate with each other.
2. Sloth Breeds: This lack of independence often breeds laziness among family members, especially younger ones who believe they have a lot to do with aunts and uncles who could meet their needs and send money when they need it. need.
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3. Often leads to misunderstandings: If an extended family system promotes understanding, it also leads to misunderstanding, particularly because of the age gap between family members.
The way a grandparent or uncle will see and understand things can be totally different from the way a teenager will see and understand things, so this often leads to misunderstandings between family members.
4. Often causes conflict: An extended family system not only breeds misunderstandings, but also breeds conflict as there is usually a power struggle between family members and a struggle for inheritance of family properties.
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5. No personal space: Most of the time in an extended family system, family members may not have the personal space they want because many people in the house could distract you or disturb you when you really want your personal time, also members members of your family are often aware of your business and your activities, and they can also interfere in your activities, especially when they think that what you are doing is not right. Also, there are usually a lot of visitors or physical presence in the house, so you may never have the personal space and privacy you want.
6. Leads to interference: An extended family system massively leads to the interference of family members in your personal affairs and choices such as your job, your personal activities, your relationships with others, and your marriage. Family members often intervene in quarrels and misunderstandings between a husband and wife in the compound and most often give unsolicited advice.
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These are the basic pros and cons of an extended family system. I hope this article was insightful? For more informative articles, please stay glued to this blog.
Edeh Samuel Chukwuemeka ACMC, is a law student and certified mediator/conciliator in Nigeria. He is also a developer with knowledge in HTML, CSS, JS, PHP and React Native. Samuel is determined to change the legal profession by creating web and mobile applications that will make legal research much easier.